A Qualitative Look at Serious Legal Problems: Trans, Two-Spirit, and Non-Binary People in Canada

Canada has seen significant law reforms aimed at enhancing the legal protection and recognition of trans, Two-Spirit, and non-binary people. Still, community experts and researchers report that numerous and intersecting structural barriers continue to shape these persons’ access to new legal protections, their relationship to laws and legal systems, and their overall life outcomes.

This report examines the extent and effects of the legal problems experienced by these individuals, by presenting evidence from a qualitative study that was co-led by a team of researchers and community experts from Carleton University and the community organization Action Santé Travesti(e)s et Transsexuel(le)s du Québec (ASTT(e)Q), with support from the Community-Based Research Centre (CBRC).

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